Thursday, February 6, 2020
The First, Second, Third Punic Wars - Essay Example The outcome of the wars established the enduring legacy of the Roman Empire as one of the greatest in the whole of history. The influence of the Punic Wars on Western Civilization The Punic Wars were important also for their influence on subsequent diplomatic and military strategies. Many theories pertaining to political and military strategy were conceived and codified during these three wars. These theories continued to be perused by later generations of leaders. The Punic Wars were also important for their impact on cultural and philosophical development in Europe. Since the Western Mediterranean region was such a cultural and intellectual melting pot, gaining control of it conferred prestige on the Roman Empire. The leaders of the Empire would in turn encourage the growth of arts and culture. It is no coincidence that the rise of the Roman Empire through victories in the Punic Wars happened during the Hellenistic era. It is as if the explosion of art, literature, philosophy, thea tre, architecture, music and science in Hellenistic Greece is a response to the ascendency of the Roman Empire through the Punic Wars. First Punic War: Winner, Loser, Gains and Losses At the beginning of the First Punic War, Rome only possessed a modest navy. On the other hand, Carthage held the most competent and experienced navy in the region. Since Rome can access Sicily only through its navy, Carthage was able to quell its initial forays. Though set back by these early defeats, the Roman military strategists rose to the occasion and started building a substantial fleet of ships to neutralize Carthaginian naval power. This enterprise proved to be a success and eventually Sicily and other contested territories was conceded by Carthage to Rome. The outcome of the First Punic War established Rome as a considerable imperial power in the Mediterranean region. As part of the reparations, Rome acquired a fair share of CarthageÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth, so much so that an indignant Carthaginian l eadership would carry its scars into the future. These hurt pride and perceived injustice would be the backdrop for further conflicts between the two empires. Rome and Carthage made several trade pacts after the war and they even agreed to an alliance to suppress King Pyrrhus of Epirus. As part of the war indemnity, Carthage was asked to release thousands of Roman prisoners of war. Large amounts of silver were also included as reparation. But CarthageÃ¢â¬â¢s economy and military were so devastated by the war that it was unable to fulfil its post-war pacts. This led to resentment from Rome and made further wars inevitable. Second Punic War: Winner, Loser, Gains and Losses The Second Punic War followed a similar pattern to that of the first. Although Carthage under the imaginative command of Hannibal made impressive forays into Roman held territory, the superior organization and adaptability of Roman forces eventually proved decisive. HannibalÃ¢â¬â¢s crossing of Alps with an Eleph ant-ridden battalion was an impressive feat. Hannibal was able to dominate the country outside Rome on the back of his superior infantry. But the crucial fortress of Rome the city was never to be breached. Acting against HannibalÃ¢â¬â¢s progress was the resolute support Rome received from its allies. Hence Carthage was once again defeated by the superior diplomacy, combat tactics and foresight of Roman leadership. But unlike the First Punic Wa
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Internet Working Essay In this paper the functions and the Structure of the Internet is discussed in detail along with the help of figures and diagram in order to make understand that what the internet really is and how it works . The paper discusses in detail the main functions and parts of Internet and how they work according to their functions and features . the Internet has opened the vistas of knowledge for the world so The world has become a global village where the people live their life on the Internet . It has no boundaries or barriers, It is open to all who have access to Internet using computer . The e-commerce and online business has really facilitated the people now days . They can draw money , deposit money , transfer money and shop nay thing on internet in seconds . furthermore people can also share the information with the people living in various countries in research work the internet has really brought a revolution in the world of Information Technology . Introduction: The internet has been a useful source of information for the public and made things possible which were impossible in the past . Such as emailing has accelerated the process of Mailing and it hardly takes seconds to reach in any part of the world as the Client are connected to Server and the Server connects the clients to world wide web . it is like cob web which keeps connected to all users at the same time . The Internets growth has become explosive and it seems impossible to escape the bombardment of www. coms seen constantly on television, heard on radio, and seen in magazines. Because the Internet has become such a large part of our lives, a good understanding is needed to use this new tool most effectively. This whitepaper explains the underlying infrastructure and technologies that make the Internet work. It does not go into great depth, but covers enough of each area to give a basic understanding of the concepts involved. For any unanswered questions, a list of resources is provided at the end of the paper. Any comments, suggestions, questions, etc. are encouraged and may be directed to the author at the email address given above. The Internet Frame Work: As the Internet is a global network of computers each computer connected to the Internet must have a unique address. Internet addresses are in the form nnn. nnn. nnn. nnn where nun must be a number from 0 255. This address is known as an IP address. (IP stands for Internet Protocol; more on this later. ) The picture below illustrates two computers connected to the Internet; your computer with IP address 1. 2. 3. 4 and another computer with IP address 5. 6. 7. 8. The Internet is represented as an abstract object in-between. (As this paper progresses, the Internet portion of Diagram 1 will be explained and redrawn several times as the details of the Internet are exposed. )
Monday, January 20, 2020
Legal Provisions Concerned with Business Units Our client is in the process of forming a company. She wishes to avoid personal liability upon any contracts she may enter into on behalf of the proposed company. Our job is to design a report to explain the legal provisions concerned with the formation, management and dissolution of business units. The report will identify the relevant legal principles, which can influence the choice of business unit. Explain the differences in the regulatory approach adopted for partnerships and registered companies and describe the procedures for the dissolution of business units. At the end of the report we will advise our client what type of company would be best suited to her needs. There will also be a presentation to go with the report highlighting the main points. 2.TYPES OF COMPANY There are many different types of business unit. Each is formed by a group of people with a common aim. Britain has what is known as a mixed economy where goods and services are supplied by both private and public sector organisations, as shown in the following diagram: Private Enterprise Sole Trader Partnerships Limited Companies Co-operatives Private Public Retail Producer Public Enterprise Public corporations Government Departments Local Authorities The private sector/enterprise is the term used to describe all businesses which are owned by individuals or groups of individuals and run essentially for profit. About half of all trading in Britain is controlled by private sector organisations. The other half known as the public sector/enterprise are businesses which are owned and controlled by the government or Local Authorities and run for the benefit of the country. The sector this report is concerned with is the Private Sector. 2.1 SOLE TRADER This is the oldest, simplest and therefore most common form of business unit. A sole trader is one who conducts their business by themselves either using their own name or a business name. This is somebody who is self-employed and who usually starts a business with capital from their savings or by borrowing from friends or a bank. Capital is the money which every business needs to enable it to set up and operate, for example to buy premises, equipment, stock and pay wages. The main advantage is that you can be flexible. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to discuss with others (e.g. partners and directors) how you are going to run the business. You also have less paperwork. A sole trader is not necessarily a one-person business and may have many employees or branches. However, the business is owned by one person and it is they who receive the profits. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES - Business affairs can be kept private except for completing tax
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The film Ã¢â¬Å"Dino Death TrapÃ¢â¬ at the National Geographic Channel is documentary movie which provides information about extraordinary fossil found in Gobi Desert. Therefore, the actions in the film took place millions of years ago. The scientists are showed to be quite surprised when finding fossils in the middle of China. They claimed that petrified bones of fossils belonged to unknown species.Moreover, they were in odd positions layered on each other in one single rock. Researchers said that two of the found creatures belonged to same specie being the ancestors of Tyrannosaurus rex, but they were entailed with more usable forearms and pliable claws, whereas Tyrannosaurus rex was two-fingered flippers which were completely useless. Those fossils had delicate crest on their heads which were likely to be used for protection and butting.Nevertheless, the scientists look surprised because the fossils were likely to provide collective link to Jurassic Park. It is known that after Jurassic dinosaurs were of massive size, whereas before that period they were relatively small. In other words, dinosaurs before Jurassic were of turkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s size. The God Desert provided certain answers, as we see in the film. One of the most interesting creatures is the crested feller which scientists called Ã¢â¬Ëcrested dragonÃ¢â¬â¢.Scientists argued that fossil appeared to be the missing evolutionary link between the parts of Jurassic period. Other found species allowed researchers to follow evolutionary tree, but pterodactyl and stegosaurus proved to be a mystery to be solved. Scientists wondered what had caused dinosaurs to die at the same time. Scientists believed that the found fossils would shed more light on how dinosaurs evolutionary grew to be larger.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
An industrial food chemist, Lloyd Augustus Hall revolutionized the meatpacking industry with his development of curing salts for the processing and reserving of meats. He developed a technique of flash-driving (evaporating) and a technique of sterilization with ethylene oxide which is still used by medical professionals today. Earlier Years Lloyd Augustus Hall was born in Elgin, Illinois, on June 20, 1894.Ã Halls grandmother came to Illinois via the Underground RailroadÃ when she was 16. Halls grandfather came to Chicago in 1837 and was one of the founders of the Quinn ChapelÃ A.M.E. Church. In 1841, he was the churchs first pastor. HallÃ¢â¬â¢s parents, Augustus and Isabel, both graduated high school. Lloyd was born in Elgin but his family moved toÃ Aurora, IllinoisÃ¢â¬â¹, which is where he was raised. He graduated in 1912 from East Side High School in Aurora. After graduation, he studiedÃ pharmaceutical chemistryÃ atÃ Northwestern University,Ã earning a bachelor of science degree, followed by aÃ mastersÃ degree from theÃ University of Chicago. At Northwestern, Hall met Carroll L. Griffith, who with his father, Enoch L. Griffith, foundedÃ Griffith LaboratoriesÃ¢â¬â¹. The Griffiths later hired Hall as their chief chemist. After finishing college, Hall was hired by theÃ Western Electric CompanyÃ after a phone interview. But the company refused to hire Hall when they learned he was black. Hall then began working as a chemist for the Department of Health inÃ ChicagoÃ followed by a job as chief chemist with the John Morrell Company. DuringÃ World War I, Hall served with theÃ United States Ordnance DepartmentÃ where he was promoted to Chief Inspector of Powder and Explosives. Following the war, Hall married Myrrhene Newsome and they moved to Chicago where he worked for the Boyer Chemical Laboratory, again as a chief chemist. Hall then became president and chemical director for Chemical Products Corporations consulting laboratory. In 1925, Hall took a position with Griffith Laboratories where he remained for 34 years. Inventions Hall invented new ways to preserve food. In 1925, at Griffith Laboratories, Hall invented his processes for preserving meat using sodium chloride and nitrate and nitrite crystals. Ã This process was known as flash-drying. Hall also pioneered the use of antioxidants. Fats and oils spoil when exposed to oxygen in the air. Hall used lecithin, propyl gallate, and ascorbyl Ã¢â¬â¹palmite as antioxidants, and invented a process to prepare the antioxidants for food preservation. He invented a process to sterilized spices using Ã¢â¬â¹ethylenoxide gas, an insecticide. Today, the use of preservatives has been reexamined. Preservatives have been linked to many health issues. Retirement After retiring from Griffith Laboratories in 1959, Hall consulted for theÃ Food and Agriculture OrganizationÃ of theÃ United Nations. From 1962 to 1964, he was on the AmericanÃ Food for PeaceÃ Council. He died in 1971 inÃ Pasadena,Ã California. He was awarded several honors during his lifetime, includingÃ honorary degreesÃ fromÃ Virginia State University,Ã Howard UniversityÃ¢â¬â¹Ã and theÃ Tuskegee Institute,Ã and in 2004 he was inducted into theÃ National Inventors Hall of FameÃ¢â¬â¹.
Friday, December 27, 2019
The Criminal Court system is made up of four main components, each with its distinct aim. Each part works independently to achieve its goals. The four components are: law enforcement, prosecution, the judiciary, and the corrections. Law enforcement is the most visible element of the criminal court system. It is the part that has the first contact with crime offenders and victims. The functions of this component are: receive and document crime reports, carry investigations on reported crimes, collect evidence, and arrest offenders. The prosecution ensures criminals are brought to justice. This element represents state interests. The defense part of this component represents the interest of the accused (Neubauer and Fradella 66). The judiciary has the duty of overseeing the proceedings of the court and ensures that the law is not broken at any stage of the criminal justice system. The final say on law matters comes from this element. The final component is the corrections stage and its duty is to imprison The consensual model is where both the perpetrator of the law and the client desire the unlawful action. It is mainly made up of victimless crimes, for instance the use of hard drugs, prostitution, and forbidden sexual acts between consenting adults. The adversarial model on the other hand argues that every case is made of two parts: the criminal part and the civil part. In the criminal side, the prosecution claims that the defendant is guilty whereas the defendant contendsShow MoreRelatedFunctions Of The Criminal Court System1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe function of the criminal courts in society is to control social order and protect the community. The criminal justice system is always changing because of updated laws. The criminal court has five components; the judge, the prosecutor, defendant lawyer, the defendant and the juror. Each component works together to provide the best result for both defendant and society. There are a few models inside the crimin al court system that help depict the usefulness of how the courts work. Two of theseRead MoreCriminal Procedure and The Court System824 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The idea of having a criminal law, procedure and a proper court system has been a concern and must in the United States since it was first founded. This concept is always under consistent speculation and undergoes changes almost every year. One of the most influential pieces included into the procedure of criminal law and the court system is the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was created by the representatives of America to not only enforce the idea of substantive law, but also create a frameworkRead MoreThe Court System Of The Criminal Trial2096 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSwansea Crown Court on 8 March 2016. The purpose of the report is to show significant knowledge in the application of relevant areas of law to its involvement in the criminal trial. In accordance, the concept of criminal law, English legal system, function and structure of the court system, roles of court personnel, the procedure of the criminal trial, strength and weakness of the court system, and proposed refor m of the courts have been put into consideration. The court system of the United KingdomRead MoreThe British Criminal Court System1914 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages The British criminal court system, also known as the senior courts, contains many differences to that of the courts in America. In less serious criminal trials, which contain 90% of criminal cases, the case is sent for a summary trial in 1 of over 400 magistrate courts. A summary trial is a trial with no committal and no jury. The trial is before a bench of magistrates. Most of the time there are three magistrates who are considered Ã¢â¬Å"layÃ¢â¬ persons. This means that they are not professional judgesRead MoreThe American Court System And Criminal Justice System1750 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe System Each year, approximately ten-thousand people are convicted of crimes that they did not commit (Spring). Ten-thousand people that will never see their kids grow up, ten-thousand people that will miss out on life, ten-thousand people whose lives will never be the same. Men and women are on death row for decades, only to be exonerated after their execution. Where is the justice in that? Prisons are also overcrowded and according to political scientist David Hudson, America holds five percentRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System And The Court Room977 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnumerous information about the criminal justice system about the past two months. I want to point out that the prosecutor has the most power in court is the prosecutor and the court room is the key in the justice system. These new information gives me a closer look on how the criminal justice system works and make me question about what kind of flaws does the system have. In this work, I will compare and contrast my beli ef, where it change or not, about the criminal justice system before and after the newRead MoreDrug Courts And The Criminal Justice System1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDrug courts are considered to be one of the most successful innovations to be implemented in the criminal justice system. It was first implemented during the height of the drug war hysteria and the long epidemic of the skyrocketing rates of incarceration. According to the Bureau of Justice Assistance (2010), drug courts are a Ã¢â¬Å"specially designed court docket, whose purpose is to achieve a reduction in recidivism and substance abuse among nonviolent substance abusing offenders and to increase theRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System and Courts in America973 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDescribe a court and its purpose. Courts are established social, political, and judicial institutions necessary for the manifestation of justice and the maintenance of law and order. The courts are part of the judicial branch of government, as outlined in Article III of the United States Constitution. Courts are the arenas in which the law is tried and applied. Judges are the presiding officers of the court. The United States Supreme Court is the most fundamental court because has the authorityRead MoreCourt Report On Criminal Justice System Essay2461 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesCourt Report Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of JUST-1100-W02 Criminal Justice System Process Fall 2016 by Kelsey Maynard Table of Contents Court Overview District AttorneyÃ¢â¬â¢s Office Six-Member Jury Session Twelve-Member Jury Session Traffic Court Sessions Criminal Court Sessions Victim-Witness Assistance Program Conclusion 1 2 3 4 5 6-7 7 7-8 Court Overview Built during the summer of 2007, the new WorcesterRead MoreCriminal Justice System : Crime, Policing, Courts, And Corrections3651 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesThe analysis of a Criminal Justice System should take place in four sections: crime, policing, courts, and corrections. Crime occurs ubiquitously in the world; crime is so common that there is an entire profession made to study why crime occurs, there is also another profession meant to enforce the laws that define what is criminal. South Korea, like most other countries, has a common requirement to enter their criminal justice system: committing a crime is the first step in the process. The most
Thursday, December 19, 2019
ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Time to End the Corruption of Baseball Baseball used to be a simple game, associated with the smell of hot dogs, the sweet dew of the night air as fans rose for the seventh inning stretch, and the beautiful spectacle of the field with its freshly cut grass and newly chalked base lines. Now it seems like each game is won by at least five runs, the stadiums are half empty, and the pride of a baseball radio announcer, once an honorable career, has dwindled along with the game. Additionally, since 1976 playersÃ¢â¬â¢ salaries have increased 168% a year, numbers too high to be blamed on inflation (Breton 4). These current conditions reflect the growing corruption of baseball. Why is there corruption in baseball? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s simple; playersÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Despite such an obvious problem, there is little motivation for it to be solved. Most of the people in power to solve the problem donÃ¢â¬â¢t want it solved. The owners of big market teams, e.g., George Steinbrener, winner of four World Series since the 1994 strike, are happy with the lack of competition (World 1). They can guarantee their teams will be winners every year, as long as there is no change in the current system. And if their team isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a winner, they have the bucks to buy up more of the leagueÃ¢â¬â¢s talent to become even more dominant. The baseball playersÃ¢â¬â¢ union doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want a change because the playersÃ¢â¬â¢ salaries keep increasing (Fehr 1). The problem is the players have stopped caring about winning and only care about the size of their salaries. The obvious options for solving this problem are team or player salary caps, or team profit sharing, which other sports have found successful. But if there is objection to change, the players can strike, as in 1994, then there will be no agreement for change, and the small market teams will lose even more money during the strike. The evidence of the loss from the 1994 strike is shown: MLB claims to have operated at a loss every year from 1975 to 1985, then at a profit every year from then until the strike, although the profit was only $22M in 1992 and $36M in 1993. The strike led to large losses; the reported figures were $375M in 1994,Show MoreRelatedEssay On College Athletes Should Be Paid1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesgoing wild throughout the game and the passion athletes show, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a pastime that is rarely boring. A common discussion is if college athletes should be paid. College football and basketball generates 6 billion dollars annually. Which in total is more than the Na tional Basketball Association (Brill 1). These athletes are practically working full time to improve in and out of season. They are putting their bodies on the line during game time too often to later in life compensated. Major injuries arenÃ¢â¬â¢tRead MoreBaseball: the American Pastime in the Dominican Republic1926 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesBaseball: The American Pastime in the Dominican Republic One hundred and forty years after American-influenced Cubans fled their home island during the Ten YearsÃ¢â¬â¢ War and brought baseball to the Dominican Republic (D.R.), the sport is thriving in the impoverished nation. In the sportÃ¢â¬â¢s top professional league, Major League Baseball (MLB), more current players were born in the Dominican Republic than any other country besides the United States, where 29 of the 30 MLB teams are based (Gregory 2010)Read More We Must Reform College Sports Essay2278 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesunder and are in need of intensive restructuring. Ernest Boyer, former president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching said, I believe that the college sports system is one of the most corrupting and destructive influences on higher education (1999). In fact, it is widely acknowledged that there is corruption by many college coaches in the areas of recruiting, eligibility, degree progress, and academic integrity of athletes. The NCAA (Nat ional Collegiate Athletic Association)Read MoreRoot, Root, Pay for the Home Team? Taxpayers Funding Professional Sports Stadiums4340 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesRoot, Root, Pay for the Home Team? Taxpayers Funding Professional Sports Stadiums Kayla Thompson MBA 578 SB FT Managerial Economics April 13, 2013 ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to address the issue of the public (taxpayers) funding the construction and/or renovation of privately owned sports stadiums. The use of public funds has skyrocketed since the early 1980s. Why has there been an increase in the trend and what is really going on behind the scenes? Through my research, IRead MoreSports17369 Words Ã |Ã 70 PagesAvenue, New York, NY 10016. IM-1826 CONTENTS Introduction Chapter 1. Introduction to Sports, Sportscasters, and Sportscasting Chapter 2. The Historical Development of Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 3. The Economics of Sports, Sportscasters, and Sportscasting Chapter 4. Audiences for Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 5. The Role of Media in Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 6. Sociocultural Perspectives on Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 7. Practicum on Sportscasting Chapter 8. The Future of Sportscasters/SportscastingRead MoreSports17363 Words Ã |Ã 70 PagesAvenue, New York, NY 10016. IM-1826 CONTENTS Introduction Chapter 1. Introduction to Sports, Sportscasters, and Sportscasting Chapter 2. The Historical Development of Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 3. The Economics of Sports, Sportscasters, and Sportscasting Chapter 4. Audiences for Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 5. The Role of Media in Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 6. Sociocultural Perspectives on Sports and Sportscasting Chapter 7. Practicum on Sportscasting Chapter 8. The Future of Sportscasters/SportscastingRead MoreAmerican Slang Essay 115481 Words Ã |Ã 62 Pageswere slangy versions of the more Ã¢â¬Å"properÃ¢â¬ telephone, bicycle, omnibus and public house. Dove and hawk as political and/or military terms were once slang. Few people think of them as that today. The moral of the story is evident. Slang changes through time. What is slang for one person, generation or situation may not be slang for another. Slang may vary from place to place, dialect to dialect. Lad and lass may be slang for some speakers of English. For others they are simply neutral, plain languageRead MoreInternational Management67196 Words Ã |Ã 269 PagesMissouri Cover Images: Top to bottom, Ã © Mark Downey/Getty Images; Jacobs Stock Photography/Getty Images; Ã © Goodshoot/PunchStock Media Project Manager: Balaji Sundararaman Compositor: AptaraÃ ®, Inc. Typeface: 10/12 Times Roman Printer: Quad/Graphics All credits appearing on page or at the end of the book are considered to be an extension of the copyright page. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Luthans, Fred. International management : culture, strategy, and behavior / Fred Luthans, JonathanRead MoreCOM3702 Portfolio10930 Words Ã |Ã 44 Pagesgovernment services. This meant that telephones could not be bought or sold privately, and all telephone equipment therefore belonged to the state; this was part of the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to maintain control over the telephony sector. Therefore, from the time the very first letter was sent in South Africa until the present day, postal and telecommunications services have been under the control of the state. Today, Telkom is South AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s largest telecommunications company. It is semi-privatised, withRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 Pagesa Decision as a Critical Thinker Imagine this situation. You are on a four-day backpacking trip in a national wilderness area with your friends Juanita and Emilio. The summer weathers great, the scenery is exotic, and youve been having a good time. Yesterday you drove several hours into the area and parked in the main parking lot. Then you hiked six hours to your present campsite. The three of you carried all your food, water, sleeping bags, and tents. Last night you discovered that somebody